Notes on Metals

Melting Point and Density of Metals

Metal Density
(lbs/ci)
Melting Point
(°F)
Notes
Aluminum 0.0975 1220°F See http://www.simalex.com/material.htm for more information
Antimony 0.2391 1166°F Expands on solidifying
Bismuth ? 520°F Expands on solidifying
Carbon 0.0813 sublimes
>6300°F
Not a metal
Chromium 0.2598 3430°F
Cobalt 0.3197 2720°F
Copper 0.3237 1980°F
Gold 0.6980 1945°F
Hafnium 0.4729 4030°F
Indium 0.264 314°F See http://www.matweb.com/search/SpecificMaterial.asp?bassnum=MEIn00 for more information
Iron 0.2843 2795°F
Lead 0.4104 620°F
Magnesium 0.0629 1200°F See http://www.simalex.com/material.htm for more information
Manganese 0.2684 2270°F
Mercury 0.4896 -38°F Toxic. Coefficient of Thermal Expansion 0.000101 in/in-°F
Molybdenum 0.3692 4740°F
Nickel 0.3215 2650°F
Niobium 0.3096 4470°F
Palladium 0.4343 2825°F
Platinum 0.7750 3220°F
Plutonium 0.686 1180°F
Rhenium 0.7612 5755°F
Selenium (grey/amorphic) 0.1731 442°F
Selenium (red/crystalline) 0.1608 ?
Selenium (black/vitreous) 0.1547 ?
Silver 0.3790 1760°F
Tantalum 0.5997 5425°F
Tellurium 0.2254 840°F
Tin 0.2637 450°F
Titanium 0.1629 3020°F
Tungsten 0.6973 6170°F
Uranium 0.689 2070°F
Vanadium 0.2204 3435°F
Zinc 0.2576 785°F See http://www.simalex.com/material.htm for more information
Zirconium 0.2345 3365°F

1 kg/liter = 1 g/cc = 0.036129 lbs/ci

Composition of Alloys

All percentages are by weight

Aluminium Bronze
Copper-aluminium alloys, sometimes containing a small amount of manganese or nickel. They are yellow in colour and hard wearing.
Argentan
see Nickel Silver
Babbitt, Coppered
74.5% Lead, 14.75% Antimony, 10% Tin, 0.25% Copper and 0.5% Arsenic
Babbitt, Lead
80.25% Lead, 14.75% Antimony and 5% Tin
Babbitt Metal, Grade 1
95% Tin, 4.5% Copper, and 4.5% Antimony
Babbitt Metal, Grade 5
65% Tin, 18% Lead, 2% Copper, and 15% Antimony
Babbitt, Tin
89% Tin, 7.5% Antimony, 3.5% Copper
Bath Metal
see Bronze
Bell Metal
78-80% Copper, 20-22% Tin
Billon
>50% Copper, 50% Silver
Brass, Gilding
95% Copper, 5% Zinc
Brass, Tin
94-96% Copper, 2.5-5.2% Zinc, 0.5% Iron, 0.5% Lead, 0.7-1.3% Tin
Brass, Red
85% Copper, 15% Zinc
Brass, Low
80% Copper, 20% Zinc
Brass, Yellow
65% Copper, 35% Zinc
Brass, Cartridge
68.5% Copper, 30% Zinc, 1.5% other
Brass, Naval
60% Copper, 39.2% Zinc, 0.8% Tin
Bronze, Commercial
90% Copper, 10% Zinc
Bronze
85% Copper, 5% Zinc, 5% Tin, 5% Lead
Bronze, Aluminum
87.3-91.3% Copper, 6-8% Aluminum, 1.5-3.5% Iron, 1% Manganese, 0.015% Phosphorus, 0.01% Lead, 0.2% Zinc
Bronze, Aluminum-Silicon
92.9-94.4% Copper, 2.5-3.1% Aluminum, 0.25-0.55% Cobalt, 0.2% Iron, 0.1% Manganese, 0.2% Nickel, 0.05% Lead, 1.5-2.1% Silicon, 0.8% Zinc
Bronze, Phosphor
90-98.75% Copper, 1.25-10% Tin
Bronze, Manganese
58.5% Copper, 1.4% Iron, 0.1% Manganese 1% Tin, 39% Zinc
Crown Gold
Gold and Copper or Silver
Copper, Admiralty
71% Copper, 28% Zinc, 1% Tin
Cupro-nickel
75-85% Copper and 15-25% Nickel
Düralumin
96% Al, 3.5% Cu, 0.5% Mg (Dr. Alfred Wilm, 1909 - the Zeppelins were made of Düralumin)
Electrum
natural alloy of +/- 75% Gold and Silver or Copper
Field's Metal
32.5% Bismuth, 51% Indium, 16.5% Tin. Non-toxic, melts at 140°F.
Franklinium
a Cupro-Nickel developed by The Franklin Mint
German Silver
see Nickel Silver
Grey Iron
Soft cast iron, created by cooling slowly.
Gun Metal
88% Copper, 10% Tin and 2% Zinc
Hammer Metal
95-96% Lead, 4-5% Antimony
Manganese Bronze
88.5% Copper, 6% Zinc, 3.5% Manganese, and 2% Nickel
Muntz Metal
60% Copper, 40% Zinc
Nickel Brass
70-80% Copper, 20-25% Zinc, and 1-5% Nickel
Nickel Silver
A Copper alloy containing 18-22% Nickel, 15-20% Zinc and sometimes Manganese
Nordic Gold
89% Copper, 5% Aluminum, 5% Zinc and 1% Tin.
Orichalchum
80% Copper and 20% Zinc, used in Roman Brass coins
Pewter
85% Tin, 15% Lead, and sometimes Antimony and Copper
Pinchbeck
see Brass
Potin
natural alloy of Copper, Zinc, Lead and Tin
Silver, Sterling
92.5% Silver, 7.5% Copper
Solder
Tin and Lead
Solder, Silver
(look this up)
Speculum
high Tin content Bronze, see Bronze
Stainless Steel
Iron, Chromium and Nickel
Steel
low carbon Iron
Tombac
see Brass
Virenium
a German Silver type of alloy containing Nickel as well as Copper and Zinc
White Iron
Hard cast iron, created by cooling quickly.
White Metal
alloys usually containing antimony alloyed with Tin, Copper or Lead
Wheel Weights
see Hammer Metal (add 20% dirt)
Wood's Metal
50% Bismuth, 25% Lead, 12.5% Tin, and 12.5% Cadmium. Melts at 158°F.
ZA-12
11% Aluminum, 1% Copper, 0.025% Magnesium, and 88% Zinc. 0.218 lb/in³, melts at 711-810°F (see also)
ZA-27
27% Aluminum, 2.2% Copper, 0.015% Magnesium, and 71% Zinc. 0.181 lb/in³, melts at 709-903°F (see also) (secret recipie: $1.99 in post-1982 pennies, 1¢ pre-1982 penny, 13 beer cans)
Zamac

References

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© 2003 W. E. Johns